Doomed Bardic Romance of Antony and Cleopatra
Antony and Cleopatra presents us an odd twist: The monumental
Antony of Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar who used his strong mind, his powerful will, his courage and military genius to quiet senatorial rebellion becomes in the Bard’s hands and in the amorous arms of the queen of the Nile a doting fool. We knew he could be sensitive. We saw him mourn Brutus‘ death, but that display of humanity hardly prepared us for this portrayal of catastrophic collapse of independence, strength, courage and judgment.
In the tragedy, we see brief flashes of his former military brilliance and decisiveness, but they are quickly quenched by treachery and more often by the dominating power Egypt (Cleopatra) has over this Roman ruler. It makes him unwilling and too weak in the end to defend his (and her) interests.
Cleopatra’s retreat from a naval battle (Battle of Actium) and Antony’s ensuing withdrawal assured his defeat and disgrace. Losing the battle to former ally and fellow Roman ruler Octavius, all that’s left for Antony is death by his own hand.
For Cleopatra, she must follow her betrayed lover into the shadows or be paraded and mocked in Rome. A smuggled-to-her asp quickly brings her painless, peaceful death (“the joy of the worm”).
In the aftermath of Julius Caesar’s death and the defeat of his assassins, Roman rule is divided geographically between three men: Octavius Caesar, Antony and Lepidus. Antony and Cleopatra, the play, traces the eclipse of the Roman Republic as first Lepidus falls, then Antony (only incidentally Cleopatra), leaving Octavius alone as Augustus Caesar, dictator of the Roman Empire and world and cornerstone of the then-possible Pax Romano.
The message of Antony and Cleopatra? Lack of self control leads to destruction and being a Roman ruler is not a safe occupation and should be avoided if possible.
Quotes I liked:
Messenger: The nature of bad news infects the teller.
Antony: What our contempts do often hurl from us, we wish it ours again.
Charmian: In time we hate that which we often fear.
Menecrates: We, ignorant of ourselves, beg often our own harms, which the wise powers deny us for our good; so find we profit by losing of our prayers.
Enobarbus: Every time serves for the matter that is then born in’t.
Lepidus: When we debate our trivial difference loud, we do commit murder in healing wounds.
Lepidus: What manner o’ thing is your crocodile? Antony: It is shaped, sir, like itself; and it is as broad as it hath breath: it is just so high as it is, and moves with its own organs: it lives by that which nourisheth it; and, the elements once out of it, it transmigrates.
Antony: If I lose my honor, I lose myself.
Antony: I have fled myself, and have instructed cowards to run and show their shoulders.
Antony: O, whither hast thou led me, Egypt? How I convey my shame out of thine eyes by looking back, what I have left behind ‘Stroy’d in dishonour.
Cleopatra: Is Antony or we in fault for this? Enobarbus: Antony only, that would make his will lord of his reason.
Enobarbus: I see men’s judgments are a parcel of their fortunes; and things outward do draw the inward quality after them, to suffer all alike.
Enobarbus: Mine honesty and I begin to square. The loyalty well held to fools does make our faith mere folly:—yet he that can endure to follow with allegiance a fallen lord does conquer him that did his master conquer, and earn a place i’ the story.
Enobarbus: To be furious is to be frighted out of fear
Enobarbus: When valour preys on reason it eats the sword it fights with.
Antony: My fortunes have corrupted honest men!
Octavius Caesar: The time of universal peace is near: Prove this a prosperous day, the three-nook’d world shall bear the olive freely.
Agrippa: Strange it is that nature must compel us to lament our most persisted deeds.
Cleopatra: Be it known that we, the greatest, are misthought for things that others do
Caesar: Make not your thoughts your prisons
Clown: A very honest woman, but something given to lie; as a woman should not do but in the way of honesty
Clown: I wish you all joy of the worm.
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